Acid Base Balance in our Bodies

July 3, 2022

Have you ever wondered about your acid-base balance? Many critical illnesses can easily upset or disrupt a person’s acid balance, and this disturbance in acid-base equilibrium may indicate other underlying diseases or organ damage. Regardless, it is essential to interpret the acid-base balance in our bodies.

Acid base balance requires simultaneous accurate measurements of arterial pH and plasma electrolytes. pH balance is the measure of acidity or alkalinity. Simply put, it is the accurate measure of how acidic or alkaline it is. The range can go from 0 to 14, with seven being neutral. It is also essential to know compensatory physiologic mechanisms as well. A normal range of arterial pH is 7.35 to 7.45. pH is determined as the measurement of hydrogen (H+) ion concentration. However, an increase in H+ ion concentration can decrease pH and vice versa. Changes in the H+ ion concentration can be quickly stabilized with bicarbonate-carbonic acid, proteins, hemoglobin, and phosphates.

Common Acid Base Balance Upsets in the Body

If a person has irregularities in their acid base homeostasis, it might be necessary to look for the cause before intervening to normalize the pH. Some acid base disturbances can have many reasons that you can eliminate. You can start by looking at your arterial blood gas analysis. There can be some conditions that can be mild and do not require treatment. However, in some cases, hasty treatment can do more harm than acid-base imbalance. Critically ill patients can have more than one acid-base imbalance. The most common acid base derangement can be divided into four categories:

- Metabolic Acidosis

- Metabolic Alkalosis

- Respiratory Acidosis

- Respiratory Alkalosis

There can be many disorders or even diseases that can lead to changes in the acid base balance of our body. These conditions are not rare or uncommon. However, acid base balance occurrences may cause severe damage to the body. Acid base misbalance can also be caused by asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease such as bronchitis, diabetic ketoacidosis, shock, stress, or anxiety, leading to hyperventilation.

Acid Base Balance and How it is Linked to our Health and Wellness

It is crucial to consider our bodies as living laboratories as we breathe with a complex nervous system. The foods we eat or drink are the fuel we take in and oxygen. The food that we eat and drink with oxygen is used in our cells, causing numerous chemical reactions, as then we release carbon dioxide, water, and ash residue. Just as automobiles and fireplaces work, so do our bodies. The only difference is that their food is gasoline and firewood. As our pH measure is the potential of hydrogen, we can say that it stands for your health potential.

Maintaining Acid Base Balance is Important

As pH balance is the value given to indicate the acidity or alkalinity, it is merely a way of measuring our condition. The acid residues can be acid, neutral, or alkaline. pH value can have a profound effect on health and disease. Imbalances in the pH value mean that our body has become too acidic or alkaline. It can be a severe problem if our body becomes too acidic or too alkaline for extended periods; then it cannot be tolerated well by the body. There are effective ways to measure the pH balance. For example, Vaginox is an at home test kit to measure the vaginal pH level. It can also help determine and monitor the vaginal pH balance to find bacterial, parasitical or yeast infections. With Urinox-10 urinalysis test, you can easily determine the pH level of your urine, which serves as a good indicator of your body's acid base balance, especially related to your diet choices and the health of your metabolic system.

Our body goes on regulatory mechanisms of breathing, circulation and digestion, and hormonal production. Therefore, it is important to balance our pH levels to know about the certain changes that may occur in our bodies. If the pH deviates too far towards the acidic or alkaline side, the cells can become poisoned by their toxins and die. The pH imbalance can interfere with our potential for proper health and wellness. The body should always remain slightly alkaline to avoid disease and premature aging.