Early Pregnancy Urine
Pregnancy is often associated with dehydration because of morning sickness and poor appetite. Your urine early in pregnancy may look dark yellow, and you should make sure you take enough fluids throughout the day.
A bad urine smell during pregnancy is more ominous. It might be a symptom of a urinary tract infection, especially if you also have other symptoms, such as:2
- Need to go to the bathroom often
- Pain or burning when you pass urine
- Shivering and chills
- Back pain
Urinary tract infections are more common during pregnancy; about one in six women have one.3 They can cause pregnancy complications like pre-eclampsia, premature birth, death, and birth defects.
Your urine will usually have a faint, aromatic odor. Odorless urine is seen with some types of acute renal failure. A very foul or ammonia-like smell is suggestive of bacterial infection. A fruity smell of the urine should alert you to diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), especially if you know you have diabetes.1
Many metabolic disorders give distinctive odors to the urine. Some of them are cystinuria, maple syrup urine disease, phenylketonuria, and tyrosinemia. These are usually present since birth and diagnosed in childhood.
Eating asparagus or garlic, taking vitamin B6, drinking too much coffee and not enough fluids, and some medications can also cause smelly urine. Drinking enough water (or other liquids) often gets rid of smelly urine.
Some foam is normal if your bladder is full and you pee with pressure. However, if your pee is always foamy, it could be a sign of protein in your urine (proteinuria). Your kidneys normally conserve protein and don't let it into the urine. Losing protein in the urine can be a sign of kidney disease.
If your urine is regularly foamy, you should talk to your doctor. They'll get your urine tested to check if you're passing protein in the urine and then perform more tests to find the disorder causing it.
You can also check protein in urine at home with urine protein test strips. This quick and easy test provides results in a minute from the comfort of your home. It is the same kind of test used by healthcare professionals.
Foamy urine keto
A ketogenic diet by itself doesn't cause foamy urine. It could signify that your diet has too much protein. This could damage your kidneys, and you should consult your dietician or doctor about it.
Ketone levels in urine can be checked with over-the-counter urine ketone test strips. Ketonox ketone test strips are clinical-grade urine strips that check ketone levels in the urine at six different levels. These easy-to-use strips can be used for general health/wellness awareness, monitoring a keto diet, and managing diabetes.