10 Parameter Urinalysis Test at Home

Diagnox
April 13, 2021

A urinalysis is a test of your urine. Urine is produced by the kidneys. The kidneys filter wastes out of the blood, help regulate the amount of water in the body and conserve proteins, electrolytes, and other compounds that the body can reuse. Therefore, by examining the composition of urine, many disorders can be detected. A typical 10 parameter urinalysis test strip (dipstick) is lined with 10 different reagent test pads that change color in response to the chemical characteristics of the urine and can help in general monitoring of health as well as detection of a broad spectrum of abnormalities. This is the same kind of test medical professionals use to assist in diagnosis.

A home-use urinalysis strip can enable you to monitor your health from the convenience of your home without going to a medical professional for a Urinalysis test every time you think you have some issue, which can be very expensive and time-consuming.

10 parameters on a urine dipstick test

10 Tests in One

1.      Leukocytes

2.     Nitrites

3.     Urobilinogen

4.     Protein

5.     pH

6.     Blood

7.     Specific Gravity

8.     Ketones

9.     Bilirubin

10.    Glucose

Urinalysis can assist in the diagnosis and monitoring of many metabolic or systemic diseases that can go unnoticed because they haven’t produced striking signs or symptoms yet.

Directions to Use

1. Immerse

Immerse the strip into the urine sample and remove it immediately by dragging the edge of the strip against the container rim to remove excess urine. If reading the strip visually, start timing. Always use a fresh urine specimen in a clean, dry container.

Urinalysis Step 1: Immerse the strip in the urine sample
Step 1: Immerse the strip in the urine sample

2. Wait

Place the strip horizontally on a paper towel or tissue to remove excess and wait until results are ready to be read. The reading time for different tests is provided on the product packaging or package insert.

Urinalysis Step 2: Wait until the reagent colors are ready to read
Step 2: Wait until the reagent colors are ready to read

3. Compare

Compare each test pad to the corresponding row of the color chart (see the example color chart below) on the package insert (or packaging) to find the closest match. Read the results carefully within 60 seconds in a good light. Usually, changes in color that appear after 2 minutes are of no diagnostic significance.

Urinalysis Step 3: Compare colors of the dipstick pads with the color chart
Step 3: Compare colors of the dipstick pads with the color chart

Color Chart

Use the color chart provided in the urinalysis box to compare colors of the reagent pads to interpret results. It is important to read the results at the times indicated on the color chart. Different parameters have different reading times.

Also, it is highly recommended to use a printed color chart provided by the manufacturer as it is calibrated and will provide better reliability. Colors may appear differently on a digital copy (e.g., from a screen image).

Color Chart for 10 Parameter Urinalysis Test - Urinox 10 by Diagnox

Interpretation of Results

Leukocytes

Leukocytes (white blood cells) are the cells of the immune system that are involved in protecting the body against both infectious diseases and foreign invaders. A few white blood cells are normally present in urine and generally yield negative results. When the number of WBCs in urine increases significantly, this screening test will become positive. The presence of leukocytes (>10 cacells/uL) in urine may indicate infections in the urinary tract or kidneys.

Nitrite

Normal urine contains chemicals called nitrates. If bacteria enter the urinary tract, nitrates can turn into different, similarly named chemicals called nitrites. Nitrites in urine may be a sign of a urinary tract infection (UTI). To detect UTI, the presence of leukocytes in urine is also considered. UTI can be present despite a negative Nitrite test.

Urobilinogen

Urobilinogen is formed from the reduction of bilirubin. Bilirubin is a yellowish substance found in the liver that helps break down red blood cells. Normal urine contains some urobilinogen (up to 1.0 mg/dL). If there is little or no urobilinogen in urine, it can mean the liver isn’t working correctly. Too much urobilinogen (> 2 mg/dL) in urine may indicate liver diseases such as hepatitis or cirrhosis.

Protein

A protein in urine test measures how much protein is in your urine. Proteins are substances that are essential for the body to function properly. Protein is normally found in the blood. If there is a problem with the kidneys, protein can leak into the urine. While a small amount is normal, a large amount of protein in the urine may indicate kidney disease. When urine protein is elevated, a person has a condition called proteinuria. Persistently elevated levels of protein in urine can be the result of urological and nephrological disorders and require medical intervention.

pH

A urine pH test measures the level of acid in urine. Normal urine is slightly acidic, with pH values ranging from 5 to 8. A high urine pH (>8) may be due to kidneys that do not properly remove acids, or due to kidney failure, stomach pumping (gastric suction), urinary tract infection, or vomiting. A low urine pH may be due to diabetic ketoacidosis, diarrhea, too much acid in the body fluids (metabolic acidosis), such as diabetic ketoacidosis, and starvation. It is an important indicator of kidney, gastrointestinal, respiratory, and metabolic health.

Blood

Blood in the urine is not a normal finding, but it is not uncommon and not necessarily a cause for alarm. Your healthcare practitioner will investigate further to try to determine the source and underlying cause. It may be a sign of kidney damage, infection, kidney or bladder stones, kidney or bladder cancer, or blood disorders. Blood is often, but not always, found in the urine of menstruating females.

Specific Gravity

Urine specific gravity is a measure of the concentration of all chemical particles in the urine.

Healthy adults have urine-specific gravity ranging from 1.003 to 1.030. Reduced specific gravity indicates diabetes and other renal disorders while elevated levels indicate liver disease, excessive loss of free water, or congestive heart failure. A higher than normal concentration often is a result of not drinking enough fluids.

Bilirubin

Bilirubin is a yellowish pigment found in bile, a fluid produced by the liver. Bilirubin is not present in the urine of normal, healthy individuals. Increased bilirubin levels indicate different forms of liver disease, e.g., cirrhosis, hepatitis, gallstone, biliary tract disease, and is an early indicator of jaundice development. Even trace amounts of bilirubin are sufficiently abnormal to require further investigation.

Ketones

Ketones are produced when the body burns fat for energy or fuel. They are also produced when you lose weight or if there is not enough insulin to help your body use sugar for energy. Ketones are not normally found in the urine. They can form when a person does not eat enough carbohydrates (for example, in cases of fasting, starvation, or high-protein diets) or when a person’s body cannot use carbohydrates properly. When carbohydrates are not available, the body metabolizes fat instead to get the energy it needs to keep functioning. Increased ketone levels are a sign of insufficient insulin and can be detected in diabetes, starvation, vomiting, digestive disorders, pregnancy, and febrile states. If you are on a Ketone diet, detecting ketones in the urine is indicative of a metabolic state called ketosis which leads to weight loss and fat burning.

Glucose

Glucose is normally not present in urine. When glucose is present, the condition is called glucosuria. This often happens if there is an abnormally high level of glucose present in the blood. Normal glucose range in urine is 0 to 0.8 mmol/l (0 to 15 mg/dL). Higher values may occur with diabetes, pregnancy, or renal glycosuria.

Track Your Urinalysis Data with Urinox Mobile App

Use the Urinox app on Apple App Store or Google Play Store to easily enter, store and track your urinalysis data. You can view the data in graphical form and share it with your medical professional if required.

Urinox-10 urinalysis Test Strips

Individually packaged Urinox-10 Urinalysis Test Strips by Diagnox
Individually packaged urine test strips by Diagnox

Urinox-10 urinalysis test strips by Diagnox include reagent pads for the analysis of 10 parameters to assist diagnosis and monitoring of several health conditions that affect kidney and liver function, metabolic and endocrine disorders, and urinary tract infections. Urinox-10 strips are designed for both laboratory and point-of-care use. Each test is individually wrapped in a medical-grade sealed pouch, which ensures that each strip is fresh and not altered by atmospheric conditions, so that you get a reliable test result every time.

Get Urinox-10 urinalysis test now.

Sources:

  • mayoclinic.org
  • webmd.com
  • medlineplus.gov